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The education system in the United States

The American education system has a number of features. From the Federal budget it receives about 10% of the funding, while the bulk of the funds received from the state budget. Each state has its own laws governing the financing and operational procedures of educational institutions, the structure and content of educational programs, assessment and other issues, and also operates its own Department of education, which organizes the work of public educational institutions - schools and universities working at the expense of taxpayers.

In turn, within the state there is a division into smaller educational units - the system of local educational institutions, the administration of which comes from the financial possibilities of the local population and leads educational programs in accordance with its needs and goals.

Thus, the educational system of America at all levels of education suggests that curriculum can vary greatly by the types and methods of training, level of teaching, number of subjects studied and other parameters.

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The University of Toledo through the students eyes

The University of Toledo through the students eyes

Jan Habina, University of Ukraine, transferred to the University of Toledo with financial degree in Ukrainian University. The girl plans to...

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Northeastern Empower success stories of students

Northeastern Empower success stories of students

Northeastern students change their lives and the world for the better through education. Read some inspiring stories of graduates from top ...

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The academic year at U.S. universities

The academic year at U.S. universities

The majority of American universities operate on the semester, the next popular scheme of 4-1-4, and least often found of the school year t...

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Programs of USA universities for the most motivated

Programs of USA universities for the most motivated

In the United States, as in many European countries, are gaining more popularity combined programs, the absolute advantage which is saving ...

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How many transcripts, or credit hours you need to gain the student of an American University?

How many transcripts, or credit hours you need to gain the student of an American University?

The minimum number of academic credit hours for bachelor's degrees, master's.

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Credit hours - what is credit hours in universities in the United States?

Credit hours - what is credit hours in universities in the United States?

The system of academic credits, or credit hours in the United States: how it works.

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What is the difference between College and University in the United States

What is the difference between College and University in the United States

Higher education in the United States can be obtained in colleges and universities, but the difference between these schools is not always ...

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How higher education in the United States: the main differences from the Russian system

How higher education in the United States: the main differences from the Russian system

Classification of higher education institutions in the United States also differs from the Russian. The universities offering four-year und...

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School education in USA

School education in USA

American schools are divided into private and public.

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Vocational education in the United States

Vocational education in the United States

After studying in College for 2 years, students can continue their studies in University, immediately going on the third year of Kalavrita.

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МЕЖДУНАРОДНАЯ КАРЬЕРА после МАГИСТРАТУРЫ за РУБЕЖОМ I КАК СОСТАВИТЬ КАРЬЕРНУЮ ЦЕЛЬ
Переезд в США через Образование | Как остаться в США для работы после учебы | Стажировки в США

The structure and levels of education in the United States

School education starts in the US in 5-6 years and lasts 12 years. Basic information about school education in the USA can be found here.

After school, the U.S. education system offers several options for further studies: in the biennial community college or four-year College of higher education.

After two years of teaching in the community college student receives a professional degree Associate''s degree of one of two types:

  • professional AD that allows you to work in Junior positions in offices, in manufacturing, in medicine, but not credited for admission to the University. As a rule, the degree of associate of applied science degrees. Some community colleges give students the diplomas and certificates of completion, which most likely also will not be counted by the University as part of undergraduate programs.
  • academic AD - actually replaces the first two years of the undergraduate programs is recorded as an Associate of Arts or Associate of Science.

Doing a four-year College of higher education, the student moves to a new level in the American system of education - higher education.

The higher education system in the US consists of three stages:

The first level unergraduate: undergraduate. During the first two years at undergraduate students receive General education and specialization, a major, selected at the 3rd year of study. Specialization is a block of items needed for the acquisition of a certain profession. However, the uniqueness of the American educational system is that specialization can be changed several times during the training - although this will often require additional training time and costs.

The second level - graduate: masters. As a rule, in the U.S. a master's degree given to those who are planning to build a research career and a career in psychology, education, engineering. A significant part of the judiciary - training program consisting of classroom and independent work and the final writing of the thesis - call it “master's thesis” or “master's project”.

The third level is postgraduate: postgraduate. To this level, the student prepares a master's degree, but also, it can immediately enter the program leading to the PhD degree, earning a master's degree in the learning process as an intermediate. The PhD degree is awarded after defence of a thesis.

All of these levels of education in the United States comply with the European educational levels. About the relative and the different system of education in the United States and Russia, read here.

The educational system in the US is quite unusual also from the point of view of assessment of student work.

The most important for the higher education system of the USA the concept are transcripts of academic hours or credits. Each module that students enrolled in any of the three levels of higher education in the U.S., is “worth” a certain number of credit hours. Approximately it corresponds to the number of hours per week that the student spends in the classroom. Usually it is 3-5 hours per week in each subject. The program is a full day usually includes 12-15 credit hours a week studying 4-5 subjects per semester. Read more about the system of credit hours here.

The education system in America is characterized by high flexibility and variability in what attracts students from around the world.