The main difference between canadian universities offering programmes of a higher education is the distinction between universities and colleges. It's a very conventional name, but colleges teach students applied professions, and universities prepare them for academic careers. Important here is the set of degrees that can be obtained in a particular University. Universities offer a standard of bachelors degree of natural or humanitarian Sciences; while in some colleges you can get a professional degree "Diploma" or "Bachelor of applied Sciences" – although that will give you the opportunity to work and extend your visa, but will not be higher education.
However, career colleges are gaining popularity among foreign and among canadian students as a launch pad for University admission: the cost of training them is much lower than in universities. Many colleges have agreements with universities, as well as a special "transfer" and the preparatory (Foundation) program. In this case, the student, having from 1 to 3 years, can do on 2 or 3 year of University. In Quebec, a vocational College (CEGEP) is required for admission to the bachelor program. And school, and first degree lasts for one year less than in other regions of Canada, and two-year CEGEP level courses total number of years spent by students to study.
Individual attention combined programme of study and work (Co-op) that involve students in paid internships without departing from the educational process. As a rule, in such programs academic semesters give way to practical, and this cycle is repeated several times. This is done for a complete and deeper study of the studied field and for the gradual adaptation of students to professional life. Co-op is very popular, and they are received only by students with excellent academic performance. Perhaps, with this program you will need to spend additional six months or a year.
Typically, for admission in the undergraduate program are required to present a certificate of completed secondary education (high school diploma, CIS is enough) and a certificate of knowledge of English (or French in Quebec). In most cases this will be the results of international tests such as TOEFL, IELTS, DALF, but some universities prefer to conduct their own exams. Universities usually require only excellent marks in the certificate. In the province of Quebec also needs to present the certificate of completion of CEGEP courses.
For those who wish to begin their studies in a professional College, the entry requirements are much more vary from program to program. As a rule, applicants must be at least 18 years of age. If your English level is not sufficient, you can choose a special adaptation program for international students with intensive language study. The admission to some creative specialties, you may need to submit a portfolio.
For applicants over the age of 25 are subject to other rules of admission and do not meet the standard academic requirements, but to demonstrate the intellectual maturity in their motivational letter and be accepted to the course.
In Canada there is no uniform procedure for acceptance of documents for admission to the programme a first higher education. Before you begin, you should carefully examine the website of your chosen programme and, if necessary, do not hesitate to contact admissions directly.
Usually, the reception of documents to universities runs from September to November, and in colleges from January to March.
The list of required documents includes:
Additionally, you may need to make personal motivation letter and the recommendations of teachers. You can simultaneously apply to several universities, but keep in mind that each application will cost you $60-100.