Founded in 1769, Dartmouth is a member of the Ivy League and consistently ranks among the world's greatest academic institutions. Dartmouth has forged a singular identity for combining its deep commitment to outstanding undergraduate liberal arts and graduate education with distinguished research and scholarship in the Arts & Sciences and its three leading professional schools—the Geisel School of Medicine, Thayer School of Engineering, and the Tuck School of Business.
Dartmouth was founded in 1769 by the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock for “the education and instruction of Youth of the Indian Tribes in this Land ... and also of English Youth and any others.” The Supreme Court decision in the famous “Dartmouth College Case” of 1819, argued by Daniel Webster (Class of 1801), is considered to be one of the most important and formative documents in United States constitutional history, strengthening the contract clause of the Constitution and thereby paving the way for all American private institutions to conduct their affairs in accordance with their charters and without interference from the state. Dartmouth became coeducational in 1972, and was named by the consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton as one of the world’s “most enduring institutions” in 2004.
Dartmouth was ranked 11th among undergraduate programs at national universities by U.S. News & World Report in its 2015 rankings. Dartmouth's strength in undergraduate education is highlighted by U.S. News & World Report when in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012,and 2013 it ranked Dartmouth first in undergraduate teaching at national universities.
The Arts & Sciences consist of 40 academic departments and programs; top majors among 2013 graduates were economics, government, history, engineering sciences, psychological and brain sciences, biological sciences, English, and mathematics. The Arts & Sciences has 391 tenured and tenure-track faculty members and is among the leaders in percentage of tenured women in the Ivy League. The first Dartmouth PhD was awarded in classics in 1885, and the first modern doctoral programs began in the 1960s. More than 700 students are enrolled in graduate programs in the Arts & Sciences.
Dartmouth undergraduates have the opportunity to study in over 45 faculty-led off-campus programs in more than 20 countries. About 60 percent of undergraduates take part in an off-campus program at least once during their Dartmouth career.
Founded in 1797, Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine ranks among the nation’s top medical schools and is known for pioneering many advancements in education, research, and patient care. Geisel encompasses 17 clinical and basic science departments, and draws on the resources of Dartmouth College and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center. In addition to the MD degree, the Geisel School offers graduate education in the biomedical sciences and public health.
Thayer School of Engineering comprises both the undergraduate Department of Engineering Sciences and a professional school with degrees through the doctorate.
Tuck School of Business is the first graduate school of management and consistently ranks among the top business schools worldwide. Tuck offers a full-time M.B.A. as well as executive education and a number of non-degree programs.